Tooth extractions are simple dental procedures whereby a tooth is removed from its socket in the jawbone. Extractions may be needed for a variety of reasons, including:
- Severe tooth decay
- When a tooth is impacted and unable to break through the gum line
- Trauma caused by accidents
- Advanced gum disease
- Orthodontic treatment
- Unhealthy wisdom teeth
Tooth decay is among the most common causes of tooth loss, and it affects more than 50% of American adults. When tooth decay is left untreated, it results in cavities. Cavities can become deep enough to reach the pulp, which contains nerves and blood vessels. Severe tooth decay, known as an abscess, can cause toothache, swollen gums, bad breath, and even fever or nausea.
Gum (Periodontal) Disease
Tooth extraction may also be recommended if a patient has gum disease. Gum disease is a bacterial infection that attacks the gums, periodontal ligament, and jawbone. Gum disease causes red and swollen gums that bleed easily, bad breath, and loose teeth.
In certain cases, tooth extractions may be necessary for orthodontic patients to ensure the success of the orthodontic treatment or prevent other oral health issues.
Impacted Wisdom Teeth
Wisdom teeth are often extracted if the tooth is severely infected or impacted or risks causing infections elsewhere in the body. Impacted teeth may be removed in one go or may have to be sectioned into smaller fragments and removed individually.
What Happens After an Extraction?
Immediately after an extraction, the dentist will give you specific instructions on how to care for the extraction site. You may experience some discomfort in the first few days. Some pain, swelling, and bleeding are normal. For pain, the dentist may prescribe medication, such as Tylenol, to help you manage any discomfort you might have.
After a tooth is extracted, patients may experience jawbone resorption. This occurs when the jawbone’s blood supply is affected by the tooth extraction, causing it to stop regenerating. As a result, patients may experience a sunken facial appearance, weakened facial muscles, and increased wrinkles.
Dental implants are the best treatment option for bone resorption. Dental implants are posts that are implanted into the jawbone and used to support dental crowns, bridges, and dentures. These small metal posts are implanted into the jawbone during a surgical procedure.
To find out more about the dental services we offer at College Family Dentistry, call (225) 926-4640 or schedule a consultation online. You can also visit us at 4616 Concord Avenue, Baton Rouge, LA 70808.